|President's Corner |
The 2011 Rural Community Conference “Mobilizing Rural Communities” will be Sept. 13-15, 2011 in Great Falls, MT. MSU Extension is proud to collaborate with Rural Dynamics, Inc who will be taking the lead role in organizing this upcoming conference. Save the Date!
plans are underway for our first Community Development Update for MSU
Extension Agents, Specialists, and Staff in Bozeman on May 17-18,
2011. The planning team is working on preparing an agenda and
your input is welcome and encouraged. Stay tuned for more details!
Global Coal Use Slows for First Time in a Decade
Institute reports that global use of coal fell by just under 0.5
percent in 2009 to 3,278 million tons of oil equivalent (mtoe) from the
all-time high of 3,286 mtoe in 2008, interrupting the trend of rapid
growth—an average of 4.3 percent annually—that has defined global coal
markets over the last decade. The global commodity boom that drove coal
consumption and prices up in 2008 ended, sending prices plummeting over
40 percent in some markets. The decline in consumption reflected
diverging trends in North America, Europe, and Japan on the one hand,
where the recession, low natural gas prices, and environmental concerns
drove coal use down at least 10 percent, and China and India on the
other hand, where coal demand remained strong. Because these two major
coal-dependent economies buffered global coal markets against the
recession, use of coal fell less than use of any other fossil fuel, and
coal’s share of global primary energy consumption rose to 29.4 percent
in 2009, its highest level since 1970. China continued to be the largest
and one of the fastest-growing coal markets in the world, with usage
rising 9.6 percent to 1,537 mtoe in 2009, or 46.9 percent of total world
coal consumption. The graph below illustrates these trends.
Unemployment and Precarious Employment Increase
reported by Worldwatch Institute, after declining from 2004 to 2007,
global unemployment took an upturn in 2008 and then sharply rose to 212
million in 2009. For mid-2010, the International Labour Organization
(ILO) estimates that 210 million people were unemployed. This compares
with a range of 170–190 million jobless persons during the previous
decade. The global unemployment rate rose from 5.7 percent in 2007 to
6.6 percent in 2009. The total number of people with employment
worldwide did rise—from about 2.6 billion in 1999 to roughly 3 billion
in 2009—but not enough to keep pace with the growth in the working-age
population. Governments took a range of steps to counter the impacts of
the recent economic crisis, including stimulus packages, job retention
measures, and increased reliance on part-time employment. These measures
are estimated to have either saved or created some 20 million jobs
worldwide. Despite such efforts, industrial economies suffered a jump in
the unemployment rate of 2.4 percentage points from 2007 to 2009,
followed by the countries in Europe that do not belong to the European
Union and by the former Soviet Union (2.0 points) and then by Latin
America and the Caribbean (1.2 points). Other parts of the world saw
more limited increases in unemployment rates (0.5 points or less). The
following graph illustrates these trends.
Rural America Leads Economic Recovery
reported by The Daily Yonder, the rural unemployment rate dropped for
the third month in a row in September, according to county job figures
released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The rural unemployment rate
of 8.9% in September remains below both the urban rate of 9.3% and the
national rate of 9.2%. This map below shows the unemployment rates in
all rural counties relative to the national average of 9.2% in
September. Blue counties have rates below the national average; purple
counties are above.
Most rural counties (1,269 out of 2,038, or 62%) had unemployment
rates in September below the national average, as seen in the graph
Federal Budget Cuts and Rural America
reported by The Daily Yonder, a draft report on federal deficit
reduction issued by the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and
Reform has several elements that have a particular impact on rural
communities. One of the proposed measures is gradually increasing the
retirement age to 69 by 2075, which may disproportionately affect rural
Americans since the gap between urban and rural mortality rates has been
growing since 1990. People in urban areas are living longer than those
who reside in many rural counties, and the decline in longevity is
particularly evident among women in the South and in Appalachia. As a
result, an increase in retirement age is a disproportionate cut in
benefits in the many rural counties where people are living shorter
lives. The map below shows the counties, largely rural, where life
expectancy has not changed or has declined.
Many Outmigration Counties Prosperous
half of today’s nonmetropolitan counties lost population through net
outmigration over the past 20 years; for over 700 counties, this loss
has exceeded 10 percent. Outmigration counties fall into two distinct
types with very different sets of characteristics. One type, with
poverty rates exceeding 25 percent in 1999, is clearly hampered by a
lack of economic opportunities. High school completion rates are low,
poverty rates average over 30 percent, and unemployment rates are
chronically high in these high-poverty outmigration counties. The other
set of counties, however, is generally prosperous. Overall, these
counties have higher educational attainment and lower unemployment than
rural counties without high outmigration. These counties tend to be
remote, thinly settled, and lacking in scenic appeal for prospective
residents or tourists. Quality-of-life considerations appear to be a
main drawback for these (low-poverty outmigration) counties. The map
below shows the rural counties that lost 10% or more of their population
through outmigration. The dark blue counties had poverty rates above
The rural counties with the most attractive landscape were also most
attractive to those moving from metro areas to rural counties. The map
below indicates county landscape scores. The darker the green on this
map, the more attractive the county's landscape.
Carbon Offsets 101
December 7-8, Missoula
two-day class will cover the entire start-to-finish process of creating
a carbon offset project. This class will begin with scoping a potential
idea, determining eligibility under the various carbon standards and
trading markets, and discussing financing options for performing the
Super Science Saturday
December 11, 1-3pm, MSU Strand Union Building, Bozeman
State University will host Super Science Saturday, a science fair-style
event featuring MSU engineering, chemistry, biology, architecture,
wildlife science, and other topics. The event is free and open to kids
and families of all ages.
Sage Mountain Center Tour
December 12, 1-3pm, Whitehall
like an adventure into the mountains of Montana to see solar
electricity, solar hot water, wind generation, straw bale/cordwood
building technologies, and an environment designed to nurture the
spirit? Sage Mountain Center offers free tours of their facility the
second Sunday of every month. For directions to Sage Mountain Center, click here, e-mail, or call (406) 494-9875. No reservations required.
State of Montana Housing Plan Webinar
December 16, 10am
Consolidated Plan is used by federal agencies to make appropriation
decisions regarding resources made available to Montana for addressing
issues related to affordable housing, homelessness, infrastructure,
public facilities, economic development, and other community development
needs. Click here to register for the webinar, space is limited.
ISSRM Call for Abstracts
June 4-8, 2011, Madison, Wisconsin
International Symposium on Society & Resource Management is
accepting abstracts to present individual papers, posters, or to lead
organized paper or panel sessions. This year's theme is "Integrating
Conservation and Sustainable Living." More information about the
symposium and online submission of abstracts can be found here. Contact the ISSRM with additional questions. Abstract submission deadline is February 15, 2011.
General Mills Champions for Healthy Kids Grants
Deadline: December 15
The goal of General Mills Champions for Healthy
Kids Grant Program is to encourage U.S. communities to improve the
eating and physical activity patterns of young people, ages 2-18. In
2011, the program will award 50 grants of $10,000 each to nonprofit
organizations, schools, and government agencies throughout the country
that offer innovative programs to help youth adopt a balanced diet and
physically active lifestyle.
NCST Small Grant Program
Deadline: December 16
National Center on Senior Transportation is inviting applications to
develop or enhance community collaboratives that focus on the mobility
needs of culturally and ethnically diverse older adult populations. The
NCST expects to make four to six awards of $10,000 to $20,000 each.
Projects are for a maximum of six to nine months. Successful applicants
will receive individually tailored technical assistance from the NCST.
Only private, nonprofit or governmental agencies may apply.
Captain Planet Foundation Grants
Deadline: December 31
mission of the Captain Planet Foundation is to fund and support
hands-on, environmental projects for children and youths. The Foundation
is interested in funding innovative programs that empower children and
youth to work towards solving environmental problems in their
neighborhoods and communities. All funded projects must involve young
people ages 6-18 (elementary through high school). Nonprofit
organizations and public schools worldwide are eligible to apply for
grants of $250 to $2,500.
The Eisner Prize for Excellence in Intergenerational Work
Deadline: January 31, 2011
Eisner Foundation has announced the launch of the inaugural Eisner
Prize and is currently soliciting nominations of individuals or
non-profit organizations. The Eisner Prize is a cash award of $100,000
and is designed to recognize excellence by an individual or a non-profit
organization in uniting and utilizing multiple generations, especially
seniors and youth, to bring about positive and lasting changes in their
NeighborWorks Housing Funds
Montana's Real Estate Acquisition and Development Loan Funds are
available to lend for housing projects in Montana. The loan funds can
be used for acquisition of land, predevelopment, and development of
housing projects sponsored by non-profit and public organizations. If
you are working on a project and would like to see if it fits, or if you
know of projects that are looking for short term funds, please email or call Maureen Rude at 406-458-8704.
Walk Score Rates 2,500 New Cities
In 2007, to promote walkable neighborhoods, Matt Lerner and Mike
Mathieu, two former Microsoft employees, came up with Walk Score. Using a
novel 100-point scale, the Walk Score website gives neighborhoods a
walkability rating based on the nearby availability of grocery stores,
restaurants, schools, and other important everyday needs. It allows
renters, realtors, community activists, and curious citizens to compare
how pedestrian-friendly a neighborhood is. Walk Score was initially
available in 40 U.S. cities, but today it announced a huge new
expansion. After getting requests from people in cities like Minneapolis
and Pittsburgh who wanted to look up the walkability in neighborhoods
in their cities, Walk Score has expanded to cover the 2,500 largest
cities. The following image indicates the walkability rating of the Twin
Cities area, with green indicating a high degree of walkability and red
indicating a low walkability rating.
Does America Have "Developing States"?
reported by The Daily Good, the Human Development Index is a metric
that measures the life expectancy, education, and standard of living in
an area. It's usually used to sort the world into "developing
countries," like Bangladesh and Burundi, and "developed countries" like
the United States and Western Europe. But this interactive infographic
actually uses the Human Development Index to show differences between
the states here in America. The highest on the list are Connecticut,
Massachusetts, and other states in the northeast. The lowest are the
USDA Releases Farmer's Market Map and Datasets
In 2010, the USDA National Farmers Market Directory counted over 6,200
operational farmers markets in the country. That’s more than a 16
percent growth in farmers markets from 2009. In every state and season,
shoppers flock to nearby farmers markets in search of healthy, fresh
foods. Farmers markets can offer it all: from seasonal, fresh produce
to local meats, dairy products to locally baked bread and fragrant cut
flowers. A new mapping feature on the USDA National Farmers Market
Directory allows users to pull up state-by-state maps of farmers markets
listed in the USDA National Farmers Market Directory and zoom in to see
detailed location. Information about farmers markets is easily accessed
via convenient hotlinks right from the map. The Directory is also
searchable by state, county, zip code and participation in federal
nutrition assistance programs, such as the Women, Infants and Children
program or the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).
Results from the USDA National Farmers Market Directory are based on
voluntary reporting from farmers market managers. A raw data set from
the USDA National Farmers Market Directory on Data.gov is available for
app designers and researchers to develop even more sophisticated or
fine-tuned uses of the USDA Farmers Market Directory. The data set,
which includes farmers market names and physical street locations, is
available as a downloadable Excel file. CNN has already put this data to
good use as part of a series called Eatocracy: Mind, Body and Wallet,
which included a partnership with the social networking site Foursquare
to create a healthy eating badge for frequent farmers market shoppers.
Community Development “In the News”
Organic Farmers Find Innovative Ways to Fight Pests
There’s a small burst of new research into organic farming techniques as
a result of the 2008 farm bill, which finances a range of agricultural
programs at a total of $307 billion. For years such research was
financed at $3 million a year, and though the funds are still minuscule
compared with conventional agricultural research, it’s now $20 million
annually for the next few years, and may increase further. Instead of
five to seven research grants per year, there are now two dozen. New
York Times; Nov. 30.
Corporate Profits Hit Record Highs
nation’s workers may be struggling, but American companies just had
their best quarter ever. American businesses earned profits at an annual
rate of $1.659 trillion in the third quarter, according to a Commerce
Department report released Tuesday. That is the highest figure recorded
since the government began keeping track over 60 years ago, at least in
nominal or noninflation-adjusted terms. New York Times; Nov. 23.
Food Companies Offer "Traceability" To Consumers
Savvy food companies, driven by the spate of high-profile recalls and an
increasingly competitive market, have begun publicly flaunting their
farm-to-fork “traceability”. Retailers across the U.S. are trying to
gain a competitive advantage by using high-tech stickers that allow
consumers who buy the products to download specific harvest and
slaughter dates, GPS field and fishing locations -- even farmer
biographies. Toronto Globe and Mail; Nov. 22.
Obama Administration Examines Environmental Justice
administration officials are looking at hazardous waste storage, toxic
air emissions and an array of other contaminants to try to determine
whether low-income and minority communities are disproportionately
exposed to them. The Environmental Protection Agency's administrator,
Lisa P. Jackson, has made the issue one of her top policy priorities,
alarming manufacturing and business interests. New York Times; Nov. 21.
Materials Use Up
use of materials—the food, feed, forest products, metals, and minerals
that constitute the foundation of modern economies—was up 2.7 percent in
2007, the latest year for which global data are available. The 2007
pre-recession expansion was the fifth consecutive year of relatively
robust global growth in materials use. Materials in the global economy
broadly consist of two types: nonrenewables, which include construction
minerals, industrial minerals, and metals, and renewables, typically the
biomass harvested for feed, food, and forestry as well as animal
products. Nonrenewables extraction was up 3.2 percent in 2007, while
biomass extraction increased 1.9 percent. Worldwatch Institute; Nov. 18.
International Retail Designs Offer Alternative to Shopping Malls
may have brought the world the regional mall. But now innovative
projects popping up overseas are taking that and other retail concepts
into new and innovative directions, setting a lead that U.S. firms may
increasingly want to follow. Retail Traffic; Nov. 18.
Streetcars Increasing in Popularity
streetcar bandwagon, which has picked up dozens of cities nationwide,
including Los Angeles, Oakland, Sacramento, and Santa Ana, is fueled not
only by nostalgia but also by new attitudes about both urbanism and
transportation planning. California Planning & Development Report;
Despite New Jobs, Unemployment Rate Remains 9.6%
added the most jobs in five months in October, with the education and
health care sectors leading the way. But the unemployment rate, measured
by a separate survey of households, remained stuck at 9.6 percent for
the third straight month. Denver Post; Nov. 5
Missoula Company Receives IBM Innovation Award
TerraEchos, a Missoula company owned by the Confederated Salish and
Kootenai Tribes, received IBM's CTO Technology Award for their
development of a supersensitive sound sensor. Missoulian; Nov. 29.
MSU Announces Finalists for Wildlife Crossing Competition
Promoters of a design competition to produce a "next generation"
wildlife crossing for spanning Interstate 70 in the Vail area have
revealed submissions from five finalists bidding for the award. The
Western Transportation Institute at Montana State University is
sponsoring the ARC International Wildlife Crossing design competition,
which settled on the finalists from 36 submissions that came in from
nine countries. The teams included 100 design firms from around the
world. Physical models of the five designs of finalists will be
displayed at the Western Governors' Wildlife Council meeting in Denver.
Denver Post; Nov. 28.
Study Examines Economic Effects of Montana Ski Industry
ski resort operators are hoping to get a little more help from the
state after a survey conducted last year showed the industry contributed
an estimated $49.5 million into the economy from out-of-state and
supported more than 1,000 jobs. Montana Standard; Nov. 26.
Boeing Purchases Montana Company
Helena company that began 13 years ago with four employees in a small
building on the south side of the airport on Monday became part of the
largest aerospace firm in the world. Boeing announced Monday morning its
acquisition of Summit Aeronautics Group, a precision manufacturing firm
that today employs 135 at its local manufacturing plant. Helena
Independent Record; Nov. 23.
BP Retires Oil and Gas Leases Near Glacier National Park
oil company BP voluntarily gave up its rights to explore for energy
along the western border of Glacier National Park, U.S. Sens. Max Baucus
and Jon Tester announced Friday. The deal takes 1,853 acres out of
potential exploration, including a 394-acre parcel near the Polebridge
entrance to Glacier National Park. Missoulian, Nov. 19.
Senate Approves Small Producer Exemption to Food Safety Bill
lawmakers pulled a food safety bill off their menu Thursday, but not
before signing off on a compromise amendment to protect small producers.
The amendment sponsored by Sens. Jon Tester, D-Mont., and Kay Hagan,
D-N.C., makes exceptions for small producers selling their food to local
restaurants, grocers or directly to consumers. It will either be rolled
into the Food Safety and Modernization Act or voted on, up or down,
separately. Billings Gazette; Nov. 18.
Northrop Grumman to Use Butte Supercomputer for Renewable Energy Development
Mountain Supercomputing Center has partnered with Northrop Grumman on a
long-term project to help businesses identify the best sites for wind
and solar energy production. The partnership could help expand both
green energy in Montana and the capabilities of Big Sky, the Butte-based
supercomputer. Montana Standard; Nov. 16.
Six Montana Companies Receive Federal Biotech Grants
Montana biotech companies will benefit from a new federal program aimed
at expanding research, creating jobs and supporting biotechnology
innovation through tax breaks and federal grants, U.S. Sen. Max Baucus
announced. The goal of the program is to support biomedical research
that pushes "the limits of modern medicine," leads to technological
advancements that make "cost-prohibitive treatments affordable,"
according to the statement. Bozeman Daily Chronicle; Nov. 5.
'Garden of Buddhas' Grows on Flathead Reservation
a rural American Indian reservation, amid grazing horses and cattle, a
Buddhist lama from the other side of the world is nearing completion of a
$1.6 million meditative garden that he hopes will draw spiritual
pilgrims. New York Times; Oct. 31.
Montana DEQ Award Grant for Algae Greenhouse Project
Algae Aquaculture Technologies has received a $350,000 grant from the
Montana Department of Environmental Quality to build a commercial algae
greenhouse that converts waste wood chips into organic fertilizer. The
5,500-square-foot greenhouse will be constructed on the grounds of F.H.
Stoltze Land and Lumber Co. near Columbia Falls in a joint venture of
the two companies. Daily Inter Lake; Oct. 31.